MY reasons for offering an addition to the histories of Russia already published are these. This history is written by a Russian Professor of History, and therefore may be expected to show the events and movements which in the opinion of Russians themselves have been most important in the expansion, development, or retardation of progress, of the country, and in bringing Russia to be what she is to-day. We can only understand what Russia is at the present, or what she may be in the future, by understanding what she was in the past. It is brief, giving an outline which may be filled up from the numerous volumes dealing with special periods or subjects — the reign of Ivan IV. Or Peter I commerce, government, religion, or land, relations with England or the Far East, and so on; many of the existing histories are either so long that one cannot see the wood for the trees, or so compressed that it is difficult to take in all their closely packed information. Further, it gives.