Artistic purpose. Suppose that we were to try to analyze the speech of a ﬂuent talker, who has also knowledge and ideas, and who is engaged for the moment with some serious subject: The mind of that talker is at the same time producing thoughts from his store of memories and of impressions, and drawing conclusions from those memo ries and impressions; it determines at the same moment the action of the organs of speech in producing certain sounds], and still, at the same moment, it is preparing the thoughts which are to follow, and almost the words in the next sentence or clause. Try to explain to the satis faction of a person who cannot speak nor hear, but who can read writing understandingly, how the mental proc esses and the vocal organs work together in producing intelligible and intelligent speech, and then you may go on to explain just how the mental processes and the hand' holding the tool work together in producing an original pattern or in shaping a block of wood to a decorative figure. It is to this subject that is devoted Part III, the Fine Arts of hand-work. There are other Fine Arts which are not directly connected with hand-work, and those are treated in Part IV. This is, then, an attempt to show the way in which the artist's thought seeks its expression in artistic manipulation; and also in the direction of the labors of subordinates.