Library), Washington, D. C.; the collection of the Oregon Historical Society, Portland; the Oregon History section of the Portland Public Library, and the splendid private collections of rare Oregoniana. Of Mr. Frederick V. Holman, President of the Oregon Historical Society, and of Mr. Clarence B. Bagley of Seattle. The writer is indebted to Mr. Clinton A. Snowden, of Tacoma, author of The History of Washing ton, and to Mr. John o'hara, editor of the Catholic Sentinel, for revising proofs and mak ing many valuable suggestions. Several chap ters are reprinted, with permission, from the pages of the Catholic University Bulletin, the Catholic World, and the Oregon Historical Quarterly. Full titles of works referred to in the text will be found in the bibliography.