The reform of the Civil Service, by which I mean those reforms which will place it in a permanent state of efficiency, is a question which must necessarily become more and more urgent. On the one hand our administrative obligations have increased at an unprecedented rate — witness, amongst others, the Ministries of Education, Health and Pensions-ou the other, our financial resources have diminished. If I employ one gardener at a salary of £3 per week, and receive from him work to the value of £22 105. Per week, my weekly loss is 103. But if I employ three gardeners on the same terms, my loss rises to £1 10s. If we admit, then, as we must do, that the Civil Service is not efficient, we must also admit that the wastage has become vastly more serious with the increase in the number of our Departments.