No sooner v as he elected than the Southetn States were aroused to their danger. Theiruight to hold slavesmvas expressly gua1antied in the onstitutionnhad heén 113011 stantly lecognized by all the departments of the government executi1e,legislati1e and judicial, in all the pasthistory ot' the U11ieu — and it was well 111101111 that the right 11 as inc01 pmated as an indispensable condition oi the Union. '10 de 31101 o1111ateiialls to impait that right was the1elo1e to nnnnl a tuudamental condition ofthe Union. It 1111's to subvelt the L10nst1tuttonbz/ retolutwn 1n10111ngthe destruction ofthe main business, [11011111 ty and wealth as well as the social system 01 the soutl1c1 11 States. Tsho e States saw that the govern went about to undergo a revolution to 1esult 1n the de 8 motion of their institutions and their most samed 1ights. All, their efio1ts, made in Congwss (10111 the 1st Uecembm, ttl, to the 4th March following, to obtain sceulity for tl1ei1 fights, and to pretent the (head necessity of thei1 withdrawal from the Union, were met with insult and de tianee, and with threats that the pledges of the party had received the verdict of the people at the hallothox, and'that nothing remained but to execute it.