This book analyze the role and the best practices of the Project Management Officer (PMO), a strategic function for those organizations, which are focused on the technological transformation and the digitalization of their own business. The author decided to activate a comparison between the competencies and the experiences typical of the professionals and the managers’ concrete activities, in order to connect two different views. This project, aimed to connect practice and theory and create a knowhow useful for companies’ activity, has identify six primary themes. First of all, it propose a predictive model for current organizations, meant as idiosyncratic combination of projects and processes. They then analyze the concept and the role of PMO, as central figure in determining the efficient control for the transformational process, as required by the business digitalization. Another chapter is related to a critical analysis of the company’s functions that a PMO could do (they are mostly seven). The different activities’ combinations create different PMO’s models, which have to be plan in correspondence of the different business’s needs. Another important analysis concerns the coding processes related to the project’s knowhow (reporting, Project Review Meeting, issue logs, i.e.). Peculiar attention is given to the risk management, topic that is always more central in a dynamic environment, oriented to the resources’ optimization. This contest is completed in the last chapter, in which are reported some considerations from interviews made at CIOs of leading companies, about IT and project management issues.